In communities of return, integration or relocation, and in communities where returnees are living in severe conditions, IOM provided a multi-sectoral set of activities and services through an area-based approach aimed at reducing identified barriers to returns and at increasing the likelihood of successful (re)integration of IDPs, and at the same time minimizing potential risks of tensions in communities. These activities included shelter rehabilitation or reconstruction and improving access to basic services, such as water, electricity, education and health, among others. IOM also conducted interventions targeted at mitigating the risk of climate-induced displacement, in particular related to drought, water scarcity and floods. Quick impact projects (QIPs) conducted to enable access to basic service for IDPs, returnees and host communities, and therefore support conditions for sustainable return and integration.
IOM also provided adapted legal support, protection, mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) and health assistance, in addition to referral to other services
IOM also seeks to address key needs related to employment and income generation for IDPs, returnees, host communities, and other target groups in creating conditions for successful, longer-term (re)integration and also enable communities to better absorb recent arrivals, avoid social tensions and improve the overall economic conditions in the community aiming towards durable solutions. Short-term livelihood opportunities, such as cash-for-work schemes, were complemented with individual livelihood assistance (ILA), to increase employability and income-generating capacities, as well as grants provided to small and medium businesses for job creation and economic revitalization through the Enterprise Development Fund (EDF).
In addition to addressing material conditions affecting intentions to and durability of returns, IOM provided complementary assistance based on needs of the targeted households and communities. Social cohesion issues were addressed, including through continued work on tribal engagement and reconciliation and other key activities prioritized by the communities.
In addition to advancing efforts to support IDP movements and post-settlement (re-) integration, IOM kept directly engaging with communities, local civil society, local authorities and the Government of Iraq and Government of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) to increase their capacities to support durable solutions and to address climate-induced displacement. Through the mechanisms gradually established to improve coordination on Durable Solutions in Iraq, notably the IOM co-led Durable Solutions Task Force (DSTF) and the Durable Solutions Technical Working Group (DSTWG).
Interventions conducted under this programme were supported by an evidence-based approach to better understand and advance durable solutions for IDPs, returnees and affected communities, and by building upon key existing research.
CRP X involved four outcomes: (1) Improved access to pathways for durable solutions for IDPs through facilitated safe voluntary return, local integration or settlement in new locations, (2) Improved access to durable solutions in areas of return, local integration or relocation through provision of key services for formerly displaced populations and host communities, and interventions aimed at reducing risk of climate-induced displacement, (3) Government and local civil society have increased capacities to support durable solutions and address climate-induced displacement, (4) Improved understanding of migration and displacement related issues and conditions for durable solutions within the context of Iraq through research and information products, (5) Persons in need in Jeddah 1 are supported to increase resilience and improve re-integration while meeting their basic needs.
- EVALUATION PURPOSE
Additional data collection, analysis and research were conducted to understand the trends on post-return dynamics, opportunities and challenges to (re)integration, in addition to targeted research on climate-induced displacement in Iraq
The evaluation is an IOM end-cycle (final) summative evaluation to be conducted through an external firm or consultant intending to inform programme management and the donor about the effectiveness of the project. The main objective is to evaluate the program’s performance against the desired results as articulated in the project’s result framework during a period of three months from . Recommendations will be used at a strategic level to improve learning for future interventions.